Rajeev Vaidyanathan is looking for authors for to help with a paper on Arthropod injury to human skin: Clinical symptoms, diagnosis, etiology, treatment, and prevention, specifically the topics listed below. The format can be short: Clinical symptoms, diagnosis, etiology, treatment, and prevention. This is not an entomology textbook. He is creating a key that clinicians and PCOs and travelers can use to diagnose what caused the injury and how to respond.

He is also looking for any photos or images of different arthropod injuries to human skin and will ensure all copyrights & permissions are respected.

Interested persons should contact Rajeev directly at zvuvhol@gmail.com or text him @ 630-659-9457.

Sections of interest:

Urtication and irritation

  • Caterpillar urtication
  • Atopic dermatitis by cockroaches
  • Atopic dermatitis by house dust mites
  • Exposure to locusts
  • Cantharidin dermatitis
  • Staphylinidae (Paedarus)
  • Carpet beetle dermatitis (Dermestitidae)


  • Bed bugs (Cimicidae)
  • Mosquitoes (Culicidae)
  • Fleas (Siphonaptera)
  • Biting midges (Ceratopogonidae)
  • Hippoboscidae
  • Mallophaga (Columbicola columbae)
  • Chicken mites (Dermanyssus gallinae)
  • Blood-feeding Lepidoptera
  • Ticks (Ixodidae)
  • Ticks (Argasidae)
  • Reduviidae
  • Tabanidae
  • Stomoxys calcitrans
  • Tsetse (Glossinidae)
  • Black flies (Simuliidae)
  • Head lice, pubic lice, and body lice

Symptoms of vector-borne disease

  • Cutaneous leishmaniasis
  • Erythema and chagoma (Chagas disease)
  • Petechiae due to dengue
  • Lesions due to Chikungunya
  • Tick-borne spotted fever

Defensive bites

  • Ants
  • Non-blood-feeding Reduviidae (e.g., wheel bug Arilus cristatus)
  • Widow spiders
  • Recluse spiders
  • Sydney funnel web spider
  • Banana spider (Phoneutria nigriventer)
  • Tarantulas
  • Thysanoptera
  • Anthocoridae (flower bugs)

Stings and envenomation

  • Fire ants
  • Aculeate Hymenoptera
  • Scorpions

Invasion of the skin

  • Scabies
  • Crusted scabies
  • Gamasidae (Ornithonyssus)
  • Tungiasis (Tunga penetrans)
  • Chiggers (Trombiculidae)
  • Furuncular myiasis
  • Migratory myiasis
  • Wound myiasis